1 The retractions came only weeks after BioMed Central.

An editor at one of the journals published by Sage Publications became suspicious, sparking a comprehensive and lengthy investigation, which resulted in the retraction of 60 articles in July 2014. At the end of 2014, BioMed Central and other publishers alerted the international Committee on Publication Ethics to new types of systematic attempts to control journals’ peer-review procedures. According to a declaration published on COPE’s internet site in January 2015, these attempts to hijack the scholarly review system were apparently orchestrated by agencies that first helped authors create or enhance their scientific articles and then offered them favorable peer evaluations.4 BioMed Central conducted a comprehensive investigation of all their recently published content articles and identified 43 that were published on the basis of reviews from fabricated reviewers.Hutten, Ph.D., Harold R. Verhoeve, M.D.D., Ph.D., Ben Willem Mol, M.D., Ph.D., Nienke Folkeringa, M.D., Ph.D., Marleen Nahuis, M.D., Dimitri N.M. Papatsonis, M.D., Ph.D., Harry R.D., Ph.D., Fulco van der Veen, M.D., Ph.D., and Saskia Middeldorp, M.D., Ph.D.: Aspirin plus Aspirin or Heparin Alone in Ladies with Recurrent Miscarriage Approximately 1 percent of most women trying to conceive have recurrent miscarriage, defined as three previous miscarriages; when recurrent miscarriage is defined as two prior miscarriages, the proportion rises to 5 percent.1 In two of such patients, no underlying cause of miscarriage could be identified.2,3 Although numerous interventions have already been suggested to improve rates of live birth in such cases, zero effective treatment has been identified.